The seas and oceans of the planet
The area of ​​the oceans is 71% of the surface area of ​​the Earth. The Southern Ocean is the fourth largest ocean in the Earth surrounding Antarctica. Although the concept…

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The problem of mixed crews
Sailors try not to talk about them among themselves, they are not mentioned in the offices of crewing companies, officially they seem to not exist. But they are! “They” are…

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Proofreading materials
Nautical charts, directions, hydrometeorological aids and other navigation guidelines can only ensure navigational safety of navigation if they are constantly maintained at the present level by updating them. Therefore, the…

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carrying capacity

Merchant shipping

Trump shipping, and with it the institute of chartering ships, originated in the Mediterranean basin during the early Middle Ages. In those days, charter agreements were concluded in the form of so-called charter parties (lat. Charta partita – paper divided into parts).

The skipper (carrier) and the merchant (shipper) made a charter party on one sheet of paper, which was then torn into two parts, one for each of the parties to the contract. Continue reading

Tragedies with thousands of victims: 5 worst marine disasters of the 20th century
The sea can be merciless. At all times, it was customary to destroy dozens and hundreds of sailors at a time. But what if the sea decides to take more…

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SPA-procedures that can be obtained while relaxing at sea for free
People always went to the sea to improve their health. To spend a week or two at sea is very useful. In addition to the sea breeze, sunbathing and the…

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Maritime labor market
According to the International Shipping Federation (ISF), more than 1.25 million seafarers representing 150 countries worked in the world navy in 2000, while the Philippines, which supplied about 20% of…

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The problem of mixed crews
Sailors try not to talk about them among themselves, they are not mentioned in the offices of crewing companies, officially they seem to not exist. But they are! “They” are…

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