Tragedies with thousands of victims: 5 worst marine disasters of the 20th century
The sea can be merciless. At all times, it was customary to destroy dozens and hundreds of sailors at a time. But what if the sea decides to take more than one thousand lives and not only sailors at a time? With the development of shipbuilding, humanity has come to know the true tragedy on the waves. Here are the worst examples from the last century.
1. “Mont Blanc”
The incident with the Mont Blanc and Imo ships occurred at 7 a.m. on December 6, 1917. The ship “Mont Blanc”, loaded with explosives and flammable substances, called at the intermediate Canadian port of Halifax. When the mentioned ships approached in the bay, the captains began to perform risky maneuvers, as a result of which there was a collision, then a fire and, as a result, an explosion that destroyed both ships and part of the port. As a result of the incident, about 2 thousand people died. More than 9 thousand were injured, while about 400 of them lost their sight.
In 1943, Germany transported tens of thousands of prisoners of war to mainland Greece. The ship “Oria” went to Rhodes. It was more than 4 thousand people. As a result of the storm, the ship changed course, and later ran onto the rocks near Cape Sounion and sank. They managed to save less than 30 people caught in the water.
3. “Donja Paz”
The ferry “Donja Paz” collided with the tanker “Vector” on December 20, 1987. This happened at a time when most of the passengers on the ship had already gone to bed. There were 8,800 barrels of gasoline on the tanker. In a collision, they caught fire. When the ships panicked, people were forced to jump straight into the burning water in an attempt to escape. Both ships sank. The incident killed 4,386 people. Only 25 were saved.
4. “Jin-Yuan” and “Taiping”
The Chinese passenger ship Taiping, carrying refugees, collided with the cargo ship Jin Yuan on November 26, 1949. Both ships sank almost instantly – in 15-20 minutes from the moment of collision. According to various sources, between 1,000 and 1,600 people died as a result. And this despite the fact that the passenger ship was designed for only 580 people. Only 36 people were saved from the water.
The ship “Kiangya” transported refugees in China. It is known that there were more than 2 thousand people on the ship. Due to overload, the ship went very slowly. On the approach to Shanghai, the ship flew into a sea mine and sank. It happened on December 3, 1948. 700 people were recovered from the water. For several hours not a single vessel headed for the sinking Kiangya, because almost no one knew about the voyage. According to the most sad estimates, about 3900 people became victims of the disaster.