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Initially, dynamite was the sound source for marine seismic exploration. Due to its obvious danger, pneumatic guns were later used as a source. The accumulation of seismic data is a…

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FSUE “Rosmorport” has begun to agree on a draft of a new sea railway - car - passenger ferry for the Ust - Luga - Baltiysk - Sassnitz line, designed…

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International Conventions and Codes
1979 International Convention on Search and Rescue at Sea - (English International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue) (often referred to as the “ATS Convention”) was concluded in Hamburg (Federal…

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7 amazing underwater cities that actually exist

The legend of Atlantis – an ancient, once great city that plunged into the depths of the ocean – is known, perhaps, to everyone. But it turns out that such mysterious and stunning underwater cities actually exist.

1. Port Royal, Jamaica

Port Royal, founded in 1518, was the center of easy-going ladies, booze, round-the-clock parties and piracy. It was once considered “the most evil and sinful city in the world.” This continued, at least until June 1692, when after a 7.5-magnitude earthquake on the island of Jamaica, a giant tsunami covered the city. About two-thirds of Port Royal plunged into the ocean, killing more than 2,000 inhabitants.

The surviving people believed that the terrible events became the retribution for their sins and left the city forever. Previously one of Europe’s largest cities in the New World, Port Royal continues to sink, with most of it located 13 meters below the surface of the ocean.

2. Pyramids of Yonaguni-Jima, Japan

Flooded stone structures lying off the coast of Yonaguni Jim – the ruins of “Japanese Atlantis” – an ancient city that sank as a result of an earthquake. At least, some experts think so. They suggest that the ancient city was built during the last ice age, around 10,000 BC.

To this day, scientists argue where these giant structures came from and whether they were made by people or are a natural phenomenon.

In favor of man-made origin, it is said that such regular cubes and triangles that make up the pyramid, which rises 75 meters from the bottom of the sea, never occur in nature.

3. Tonis-Heracles, Egypt

The ancient Greeks called this city Heracles, and the ancient Egyptians called Tonis. It was founded in the 8th century BC. on the northern coast of Egypt and was once one of the most important port cities of the Mediterranean. Today, Heracles is at the bottom of the sea, and he was discovered in 2001.

Artefacts raised to the surface prove that the city was a major trading center 12 centuries ago. Near him at the bottom of the bay were found the remains of more than 60 ancient shipwrecks.

Huge sculptures were also discovered that are believed to have once adorned the temples of the city, which are still surprisingly intact.

4. The City of Lord Krishna

The ancient city of Lord Krishna was considered a common myth. But the ruins discovered in 2000 off the coast of the Dwark, breathed life into ancient Indian history.

Lord Krishna, myths say, was a magnificent city with 70,000 palaces made of gold, silver and a number of other precious metals. He allegedly flourished until the death of Krishna, and then sank into the sea.

The ruins are 40 meters below the surface of the water in the bay of the modern Dwark, one of the seven ancient cities in India. Acoustic studies have shown the ideal geometric proportions of buildings in the underwater city.

Since then, many artifacts have been raised from the bottom, some of which date back to 7500 BC.

5. Sunken Temples of Mahabalipuram, India

According to popular belief, the famous coastal temple in Mahabalipuram was not the only one, but the last of a series of seven temples, six of which went under water.

The discovery of 2002 proved that this belief is not just a legend. Near Indian Mahabalipuram at a depth of 5-7 meters, flooded ruins were discovered. During the research, they found masonry, the remains of walls, scattered square and rectangular stone blocks and large platforms with steps leading to them.

6. Lion City in Qingdao Lake, China
The Chinese City of Lion has been recognized as the most exciting underwater city in the world. It is believed that a city the size of 62 football fields was built during the Han Dynasty.

Today, the Lion City is located at a depth of 25 to 40 meters below the surface of Qingdao – the “lake of a thousand islands.” This area was deliberately flooded in 1950 to create a dam.

7. Cleopatra’s Palace, Alexandria, Egypt

Off the coast near the Egyptian city of Alexandria is the flooded palace of Cleopatra, the legendary ancient Egyptian queen. It is believed that the ruins of the palace fell to the seabed during a catastrophic earthquake 1,500 years ago.

Near the palace, archaeologists found the bottom of the temple of Isis. To date, more than 140 artifacts have been raised to the surface.

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