Sevastopol check
On August 27, 2009 in Sevastopol, under the supervision of the Inspectorate of the Main State Registrar of the Fleet of Ukraine, a raid check of yachts, small fleet vessels…

Continue reading →

how to recondition lead acid batteries
In Norway, an underwater structure is being built, where soon queues of people wishing to get inside
Many people want to see the mysterious life of the underwater world: someone is reviewing National Geographic issues for this, someone is mastering diving, and someone ... is going to…

Continue reading →

International Conventions and Codes
1979 International Convention on Search and Rescue at Sea - (English International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue) (often referred to as the “ATS Convention”) was concluded in Hamburg (Federal…

Continue reading →

Ship Types – FPSO

FPSO is a floating system for the extraction, storage and unloading of petroleum products. It is one of a number of different types of floating systems used today in the oil and gas industry.

Outwardly, it resembles a vessel, but it was designed in a completely different way and it carries not only all the necessary products and technological equipment, usually related to the platform of fixed oils and gas production platform, but also tanks for crude oil extracted from wells on the seabed.

It is moored for a long time in the place allotted to it and connected to the wells by a flexible water separating column.

What are the types of FPSO?

As the name suggests, floating systems are not permanently attached to the seabed, but are designed for mooring in order to stay at the station for long periods of time. There are many different options for such systems, the terminology and acronyms also vary, even for the very word “system”!

Commonly used abbreviations:

FSO is a floating system for storing and unloading petroleum products, as a rule, it is a vessel or a floating barge with a hull containing tanks for storing extracted oil and a means for pumping oil from the tanks. These installations do not have any production and technological equipment.

FPSO is a floating system for oil production, storage and unloading, which, in addition to the ability to store and unload oil, also includes equipment for receiving crude oil from producing wells and processing it for export, separating water and gas.

FPS – Floating Oil Production System: This is a generic term to describe any floating device designed to receive and process crude oil from production wells. This system may not have storage equipment, in which case oil will be transferred via the pipeline to the shore or to the nearest FSO.

FSU – floating storage; a floating device designed exclusively for the storage of oil. Export can be carried out using a pipeline to an onshore device, as opposed to unloading to supply tankers. Sometimes this abbreviation is used as a synonym for FSO.

FDPSO – a new type of vessel, appeared in 2009, equipped with a drilling rig. Moreover, the drilling module can be removed and used elsewhere. Currently, there is one such vessel owned by PROSAFE: “FDSPO Azurite” (see picture below).
Floating oil production systems, with production equipment, but usually without storage facilities, have many varieties. They range in size from small barges converted with separation equipment installed on them for small-scale production to 25,000 barrels of oil daily to huge specialized vessels with the ability to process more than 200,000 barrels per day. Some may be refitted rigs as well as semi-submersible or leveling platforms.

FPSOs, which combine oil production, storage and unloading systems, are usually ship-shaped and can be built from scratch or converted from an existing building, bringing about key changes to increase strength and fatigue resistance in individual areas.
Each project has its own advantages, depending on the depth of oil, local environmental conditions and economic factors.

Expression of the seven seas
Seven Seas (Eng. Seven Seas) - idiomatic expression, since ancient times means the oceans as a whole. The expression “Seven Seas” (as, for example, in the phrase “sailing for Seven…

...

International organizations
An important role in the regulation of social and labor relations, in the formation and development of social partnership (dialogue) is played by the International Labor Organization. The International Labor…

...

Crew fatigue
Free trade unions in the United Kingdom have launched a campaign whose goal is to bring the country into line with European standards for working hours. According to the British…

...

The seas and oceans of the planet
The area of ​​the oceans is 71% of the surface area of ​​the Earth. The Southern Ocean is the fourth largest ocean in the Earth surrounding Antarctica. Although the concept…

...