Other abbreviations
Coordinated Universal Time (FTC Temps Universel Coordonné; UTC) is the standard by which society regulates hours and time. It differs by an integer number of seconds from atomic time and…

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If you have lost your luggage
First of all, you should contact the representative of the airline whose flight you have flown to, or the representative of the airport if there is no representative office of…

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Crew fatigue
Free trade unions in the United Kingdom have launched a campaign whose goal is to bring the country into line with European standards for working hours. According to the British…

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navigators of ships

Smart solar powered catamaran for exploring the depths of the sea

British researchers are going to study underwater geysers at the bottom of the Celtic Sea, using the innovative “smart” C-Enduro catamaran, powered by solar energy.

One of the most poorly studied seas in the world is the Celtic Sea, which washed the waves of Ireland, France and Great Britain and enters the Atlantic Ocean basin. Scientists are very interested in geothermal sources scattered on the bottom of this sea, as well as the forms of life that live near underwater geysers. Continue reading

Proofreading materials

Nautical charts, directions, hydrometeorological aids and other navigation guidelines can only ensure navigational safety of navigation if they are constantly maintained at the present level by updating them.

Therefore, the timely identification and receipt of all significant changes for the sailors on the terrain that occurred after the publication of the manuals is very important in improving the quality of the latter. Continue reading

The first Russian Antarctic expedition
One hundred ninety-seven years ago F. F. Bellingshausen wrote in his diary: “It is impossible to express in words the joy that appeared on the faces of all when exclaiming…

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Dirty flags
In the world there are enough small countries using not quite conventional methods of replenishing the treasury. Not all of these methods are illegal, but very often people who are…

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Ship's courses relative to the wind
The heading of the vessel relative to the wind is the angle between the direction of the wind and the diametrical plane of the vessel, that is, the heading angle…

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Merchant shipping
Trump shipping, and with it the institute of chartering ships, originated in the Mediterranean basin during the early Middle Ages. In those days, charter agreements were concluded in the form…

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